Glutathione is a tripeptide consisting of glutamic acid, cystine and glycine. It is the prosthetic group of glyceronic acid dehydrogenase, and the coenzyme of glyoxalase and triose phosphate dehydrogenase. It participates in the tricarboxylic acid cycle and glucose metabolism in the body, so that the human body can obtain high energy. Glutathione can activate a variety of enzymes, thereby promoting the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, and can also affect the metabolic process of cells. It is an important regulatory metabolic substance in cells. Various enzymes activated by reduced glutathione in the body are important detoxification substances in the human body, which can protect the body from iodoacetic acid, mustard gas, free radicals (such as superoxide anion), heavy metals (such as mercury, lead), environmental poisonous substances such as oxides. Therefore, glutathione is also used for rescue of heavy metal and organic solvent poisoning.
Reduced glutathione is an important antioxidant, and its most important role is to prevent liver damage. It belongs to the anti-tumor auxiliary drug in the drug classification. In the process of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the use of reduced glutathione can not only protect the liver, but also prevent and treat radiation injury, leukopenia and bone marrow tissue inflammation caused by radiation.
Not only can glutathione be used to protect the liver during chemotherapy and radiotherapy, but also glutathione can be used during alcoholism and taking traditional Chinese medicine or other hepatotoxic drugs (such as anti-tuberculosis drugs, anti-cancer drugs, antidepressants). Glycerin protects the liver. Glutathione also has a good protective effect on liver damage caused by viral hepatitis such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C, and the product manual of glutathione tablets (Atomolan) indicates that it is suitable for hepatitis B liver protection treatment.
Glutathione is widely present in animal and plant cells, with the highest content in the liver and crystals, and we can ingest it from food. It can also be obtained more conveniently by taking supplements.
Glutathione also has the function of protecting eyes and whitening. It can promote the metabolism of eye tissue, inhibit the instability of crystal protein sulfhydryl group, and prevent the development of cataract and retinal diseases. Therefore, it can be used for keratitis, corneal trauma, etc. to protect eyesight . However, in order to achieve the effect of preventing these diseases, glutathione needs to be used regularly before entering old age. After taking glutathione, it can also relieve skin pigmentation problems (such as sweat spots, age spots, chloasma, etc.).