Glutathione, as a bioactive substance with important physiological functions, has attracted much attention in the fields of biomedicine, food and agriculture.
Glutathione is a tripeptide composed of glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine connected by peptide bonds.
Its molecular structure contains an active sulfhydryl group (-SH), which makes it have good reducibility and nucleophilicity, and is easy to react with other substances.
Glutathione is a white crystalline powder, soluble in water, insoluble in ethanol, ether and other organic solvents.
It has certain stability and antioxidant properties in aqueous solution, and can remove reactive oxygen species and protect cells from oxidative damage to a certain extent.
Glutathione is a bioactive substance rich in sulfur and has many physiological functions.
In vivo, glutathione is involved in many biological processes such as REDOX reaction, heavy metal detoxification and protein synthesis, and plays an important role in maintaining the normal physiological function of cells.