Glutathione (GSH), also referred to as gamma-glutamylcysteine (GGC), is an endogenous antioxidant compound that exists in the human body and is a tripeptide composed of three amino acids (cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine). It helps to maintain the balance of the immune system and play an important role in protecting organs from damage caused by oxidative stress.
In food sciences and health sciences, GSH has been identified as an important ingredient in several functional foods. As a result, its application as a food additive has become increasingly common. GSH is known for its antifungal, antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties, and it possesses the capacity to scavenge free radicals, stabilize cell membranes, and act as a chelating agent. It also has the potential to prevent cancer and improve food safety.
As a food additive, GSH is considered to be safe and non-toxic and does not have any adverse side effects. As such, it is a popular choice for use in food products. It is commonly used as an ingredient to provide flavor and color to meals, along with providing additional nutritional content. In the food industry, GSH is used as a preservative with antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, which allow foods to maintain their color, flavor, and freshness. Moreover, it also acts as an oxygen scavenger, which helps to protect food products from spoilage and degradation.
In addition to its use in food products, GSH has also been used in health supplements and sports nutrition. It is known to improve the overall health of athletes, as well as providing the body with necessary nutrients. For instance, it boosts immunity, aids in the muscle repair process, enhances energy levels, and aids in recovery from muscle soreness, stress, and fatigue.
Furthermore, GSH is also used in the cosmetics industry. It helps to nourish and protect the skin from damage caused by harmful UV rays, oxidative stress, and environmental pollutants. Additionally, GSH is also used in the pharmaceutical industry as an active ingredient in several drugs for the treatment of a wide range of diseases.
In summary, GSH is an important food additive that has been gaining immense popularity due to its various uses and benefits. It is commonly used as an ingredient in food products, health supplements and sports nutrition products, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. As a result, it helps to boost the overall health of consumers, as well as providing food with a longer shelf life and enhanced flavor and color.