Glutathione is thought to help transport L-alanine and L-threonine across cell membranes for the production of white blood cells, which are essential for lymphocytes. As mentioned before, humans have a higher need for glutathione than other animals because the glutathione content in human lymphocytes is more than three times higher than that in rat lymphocytes.
The immune system relies on glutathione. Supplementing glutathione in normal human serum proteins can improve the ability of macrophages to destroy bacteria that invade the cell membrane. Glutathione also has higher levels in the thymus gland, which plays an important role in the immune system.
The ability of macrophages to eliminate foreign bacteria in a timely manner and thereby protect tissues and organs. When glutathione is depleted, it will affect the production of macrophages, thus losing the ability to protect tissues and organs such as the spleen, lungs, and liver. When glutathione is low, macrophage production is inhibited by prostaglandin, leukotriene C (Note 3). In the immune system, leukotriene C can prevent foreign microorganisms from invading cells, which is another important role in the immune system.
Using glutathione metabolism inhibitors, researchers found that glutathione precursors combined with arachidonic acid (an essential unsaturated fatty acid) can form at least one prostaglandin E-2, which is involved in fighting inflammation and immunity. Function.
Glutathione has four main roles in the body.
1. It protects the body from powerful natural and artificial oxidation;
2. Help the liver detoxify toxic chemicals;
3. Promote the growth of red blood cells and improve immune function, which is also its vital role;
4. Finally, glutathione also acts as a neurotransmitter