Chemical synthesis is a series of chemical reactions for the purpose of obtaining one or more products. It does not require organisms to participate in the reaction process. It can be carried out in inorganic and non-biological organic substances. The reaction process will produce more pollution substances, releasing a large amount of harmful substances such as carbon dioxide.
Synthetic biology manufactures organic compounds by using renewable carbon resources such as sugar, starch, cellulose, and carbon dioxide. The reaction process is characterized by clean, efficient, and renewable, which can reduce the impact of industrial economy on the ecological environment.
Synthetic biology has been widely used in green chemical industry. Different from the traditional microbial fermentation production mode, the green manufacturing of chemicals does not rely on the optimization of natural synthetic strains of products, but re-synthesis of a new artificial biological system to maximize the conversion of raw materials into products at a higher rate. The entire production chain can be divided into three parts: the utilization of raw materials, the selection and optimization of chassis cells, and the production of products.
Synthetic biology manufacturing can be used to produce products such as bulk products, renewable chemicals and polymeric materials, fine and pharmaceutical chemicals, and agricultural products. At the same time, natural products have complex structures, cumbersome chemical synthesis methods, low yields, high energy consumption, and heavy pollution, making it difficult to achieve environmentally friendly large-scale production. Therefore, with the help of synthetic biology, the construction of reasonable synthetic pathways and strains provides new ideas for the long-term development of the chemical and natural product industries.
The traditional fermentation process usually has problems such as complex manufacturing and storage process, unstable fermentation product, long production cycle, product flavor is more affected by the environment and difficult to control.
Enzyme catalysis technology based on synthetic biology empowers fields such as pharmaceutical chemicals, plant protection products, nutrition and health, and diagnostic reagents, transforming production methods.
For example, take the enzymatic production of glutathione by GSH BIO-TECH as an example. Compared with traditional fermentation processes, the enzymatic reaction speed is faster, the production cycle is shorter, the energy consumption is less, the cost is low, the output is high, the by-products are less, and it is environmentally friendly.
With the further development of synthetic biology and the deepening integration with new technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data, more bio-based products are expected to be produced through synthetic biology in the future, thereby promoting the formation of a bio-economy and better serving human society of sustainable development.