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What functional ingredients can be used in sports nutrition products?

Author: China Glutathione suppliers & manufacturers Release time: 2024-03-18 Column: Product News


Grand view research data shows that the global sports nutrition market size will be US$42.9 billion in 2022 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate of 7.4% from 2023 to 2030. Sports nutritional supplements are usually taken before or after exercise and are sold in a variety of forms: capsules, powders, ready-to-drink beverages, energy bars, gummies, etc.

So what functional ingredients can be used in sports nutrition products?

Vitamin C and glutathione

The health benefits of vitamin C have been widely studied, and it is also a common raw material for sports supplements. One of its main functions is its powerful antioxidant capacity. Athletes usually perform high-intensity training to improve performance, which will increase the amount of reactive oxygen species in the human body ( ROS) exceeds the body's normal antioxidant system, causing oxidative stress.

Vitamin C, as an antioxidant, plays an important role in neutralizing ROS and preventing oxidative damage to cells and tissues. The same is true for glutathione, which is closely related to its role. As the most abundant antioxidant in cells, thione is an effective scavenger of ROS. The combined use of vitamin C and glutathione can help prevent oxidative stress caused by exercise, improve muscle aerobic metabolism during exercise, and reduce muscle fatigue

Vitamin C and glutathione


Common functional raw materials include creatine, which can be obtained from red meat and seafood. Supplementing creatine helps produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which provides energy to muscles, improves muscle quality, enhances exercise performance, and accelerates recovery.



A six-week randomized double-blind trial included 48 young and middle-aged recreational training athletes to investigate the effects of exercise training and NMN supplementation on cardiovascular health. The study proved that NMN improved the aerobic capacity of humans during training and supplemented NMN. Might improve endurance in athletes.


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  • [1] Lee E, Park HY, Kim SW, Kim J, Lim K. Vitamin C and glutathione supplementation: a review of their additive effects on exercise performance. Phys Act Nutr. 2023 Sep;27(3):36-43. doi: 10.20463/pan.2023.0027. Epub 2023 Sep 30. PMID: 37946445; PMCID: PMC10636510.

  • [2] Antonio J, Candow DG, Forbes SC, Gualano B, Jagim AR, Kreider RB, Rawson ES, Smith-Ryan AE, VanDusseldorp TA, Willoughby DS, Ziegenfuss TN. Common questions and misconceptions about creatine supplementation: what does the scientific evidence really show? J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2021 Feb 8;18(1):13. doi: 10.1186/s12970-021-00412-w. PMID: 33557850; PMCID: PMC7871530.

  • [3] Liao B, Zhao Y, Wang D, Zhang X, Hao X, Hu M. Nicotinamide mononucleotide supplementation enhances aerobic capacity in amateur runners: a randomized, double-blind study. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2021 Jul 8;18 (1):54. doi: 10.1186/s12970-021-00442-4. PMID: 34238308; PMCID: PMC8265078.

*Special note - This article is for informational purposes only and cannot replace a doctor's treatment diagnosis and advice. It should not be regarded as a recommendation or proof of efficacy of the medical products involved. If it involves disease diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation, please be sure to go to a professional medical institution to seek professional advice.


Tag: Glutathione , NMN , Creatine

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